Legal framework for sperm donation

Greek legislation

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Sperm donor anonymity

Medical information regarding the sperm donor is kept with absolute secrecy and in codified form in the Sperm Bank, as well as in the national registry of donors and recipients, which must be kept by the National Authority of Medically Assisted Reproduction. Access to this file is allowed only to the child born by ART using donor sperm and solely for reasons relevant to his/her health. The identity of the donor shall not be disclosed to the recipient of the genetic material. Neither will the identity of the recipient or the child or children born as a result of the attempted assisted reproduction method ever be disclosed to the donor of the genetic material.

Financial compensation based on legislation

Participation in the sperm donation program is voluntary and is not remunerated (article 8 of law 3305/2005). Sperm donors are reimbursed only for the expenses related to the travel expenses and any positive damage for their presence in the Sperm Bank in order to collect the samples.

Νομικό πλαίσιο δωρεάς σπέρματος

Legal requirements

According to Greek law, the maximum number of children born from the same donor is restricted to ten (10), unless a recipient family who has already given birth to a child, wishes to have a sibling by use of the same donor’s sample. In case the donor has fathered his own children, he is asked to report this to the Sperm Bank.

The child born after the successful application of the assisted reproduction method using donor sperm shall have as its legal mother the wife/spouse and as its legal father the husband/partner. The consent of the husband/partner to the wife/spouse being subjected to heterologous in-vitro fertilization prohibits any objection to paternity.

For more information on the legal framework, you can also refer to the website of the National Authority of Medically Assisted Reproduction.

Only the use of frozen donor sperm is allowed. What is forbidden: The use of semen originating from more than one donor in the same reproductive cycle, as well as any commercial activity (i.e. buying-selling) regarding the provision of semen. The financial cost that the recipient has to pay covers all the expenses that are required in order for the gametes to be safely provided from the donor to the recipient. These include the costs for the medical and laboratory examinations of the donor and his semen, the donor’s compensation, the freezing, cryopreservation, release and transfer costs of the samples.